Armenian People

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Since the Nineties, the Turkish authorities organized the massacres of Armenian people, which had its end result within the genocide of 1915–1923. The Young Turk leadership of the Ottoman Empire eagerly took the chance of World War I to bodily take away the Armenian inhabitants. At that point, just over a yr before Armenia declared its formal independence from the USSR, the tricolour replaced the 1952 flag. As of today, Russian remains to be, by far, the most effective identified international language among the Armenian inhabitants. English is gaining popularity in recent years.

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Very much like the flag of the Soviet Union, it was red and featured a yellow hammer and sickle within the corner. Underneath that, there were “H-Kh-S-H” initials written in Armenian serif script.

The Transcaucasian SFSR was dissolved in 1936 and consequently Armenia became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union because the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic. The transition to communism was difficult for Armenia, and for a lot of the other republics in the Soviet Union. The Soviet authorities placed Armenians under strict surveillance. There was nearly no freedom of speech, even much less so underneath Joseph Stalin. Any particular person who was suspected of utilizing or introducing nationalist rhetoric or elements in their works were labelled traitors or propangandists, and have been despatched to Siberia throughout Stalinist rule.

Some of the most prominent chess gamers on the earth are Armenian such as Tigran Petrosian, Levon Aronian and Garry Kasparov. Armenians have additionally been successful in weightlifting and wrestling (Armen Nazaryan), successful medals in every sport at the Olympics.[citation wanted] There are also profitable Armenians in football – Henrikh Mkhitaryan, boxing – Arthur Abraham and Vic Darchinyan. Armenian is a sub-department of the Indo-European household, and with some eight million audio system one of the smallest surviving branches, similar to Albanian or the considerably more widely spoken Greek, with which it could be linked (see Graeco-Armenian).

Early modern history

About 1.5 million Armenians had been killed in the course of the Armenian Genocide in 1915–1918. Azeris and Kurds dwelling in Armenia traditionally practiced Islam, but most Azeris have fled the country as a result of Nagorno-Karabakh War. In 2009, the Pew Research Center estimated that lower than zero.1% of the inhabitants, or about 1,000 people, had been Muslims. The Catholic Church in Armenia is split between Latin Rite parishes (topic to Apostolic Administration of the Caucasus) and Armenian Catholic Church’s parishes.

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Flag of Armenia

These churches symbolize the biggest Christian ethnic minorities in these predominantly Muslim international locations. In restricted circumstances, the Armenian Church allows for divorce and remarriage.[quotation wanted] Cases normally embody both adultery or apostasy.

Persian Armenia

The government joined the World Trade Organization on 5 February 2003. But one of the main sources of foreign direct investments stays the Armenian diaspora, which funds main elements of the reconstruction of infrastructure and other public tasks. Being a rising democratic state, Armenia additionally hopes to get more financial help from the Western World. Active forces now quantity about eighty one,000 soldiers, with an additional reserve of 32,000 troops. Armenian border guards are in control of patrolling the country’s borders with Georgia and Azerbaijan, whereas Russian troops proceed to watch its borders with Iran and Turkey.

The Armenian community has been in decline since the mid-twentieth century, and is in quick danger of disappearing, in accordance with Bert Vaux. Archived from the unique on 27 September 2008. See Drasxanakertci, History of Armenia, 78ff; Atiya, History of Eastern Christianity, 316ff; Narbey, A Catechism of Christian Instruction According to the Doctrine of the Armenian Church, 88ff. The rise of the Great House of Cilicia as an autocephalous church occurred after the fall of Ani and the Armenian Kingdom of the Bagradits in 1045.

Armenia in the Soviet Union (1922–

In 1952, a new flag was introduced. The initials had been removed fully and of their place a horizontal blue stripe was added. Throughout history, there have been many variations of the Armenian flag.

World War I and the Armenian Genocide

The GDP fell practically 60% between 1989 and 1993, however then resumed robust growth.[147] The national currency, the dram, suffered hyperinflation for the first years after its introduction in 1993. On 21 September 1991, Armenia formally declared its independence after the failed August coup in Moscow.